Nowruz 2021 will be at 10:37 on Saturday, 20 March.
Nowruz is a spring festival of Persian origin that has been celebrated and celebrated for over 3,000 years.
The translation of the word “Nowruz” means a new day and is also called a day in the Iranian calendar as well as the celebrations and holidays that follow it.
Nowruz is celebrated and celebrated in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and some ethnic groups in other countries.
The Persian New Year marks the first day of spring and the beginning of a re-cycle and renewal of nature. It is a cultural tradition, an ancient festival that promotes the values of peace, solidarity, reconciliation between generations, families and neighbors.
Exactly at the time of the vernal equinox (which is usually March 21, or the day before or after, depending on the position and location of the observer).
Each year, the exact time at which the sun is just above the equator is calculated in advance, thus equalizing the length of day and night. ritual.
In Iran, Nowruz celebrates about 13 days of the new year. We believe that what a person will do in these introductory days of the new year will mark the entire coming year. In other words, if a person is warm, kind, loving to their loved ones, friends and neighbors on New Year’s Day, then the New Year will also be good, warm and successful. Otherwise, if there are unforgettable resentments and disputes, disagreements and bad feelings, then the year to come will be the same.
Some customs and events that take place before and after Nowruz:
- Haji-firuz, the mascot of Nowruz, who has a black face. He starts appearing on the streets a couple of weeks before the end of the old year, dressed in a red costume playing the trumpet and tambourine, singing and dancing, thus announcing the happy news of the coming new year. With a red costume and a black face, he symbolizes the rebirth of a Sumerian sacrificial deity named Domuzi, who is killed before the end of each year and comes back to life at the beginning of each new year.
- Chaharshanbe-suri, is celebrated on the evening of the last Tuesday of the old year (just a few days before Nowruz). Chaharshanbe-suri includes several customs, most of which originate from devils.
- Large fires are lit, which must be in odd numbers, over which one then jumps and sings at the same time. It is believed that with this ritual we maintain good health in the coming year and drive away diseases and ailments.
- Kuze-shekooni, a ritual of breaking pottery vessels in order to transfer negative energy and resin from a person to a pot. By breaking the pot, we also destroy the misfortune that was transferred to it.
- Ghashogh-zani, a ritual of drumming with spoons on dishes and pots. When it gets dark, the women and children disguise themselves and go to the neighbors, drumming with spoons on the dishes and pots. From the neighbors, however, they get little attention in the pot (something sweet, nuts, fruit, etc.).
- Khoone-tekooni or spring cleaning, a ritual in which we clean the house of last year’s junk, dirt before the arrival of the new year and prepare for a good new year. This prevents bad luck and misfortune in the new year.
- Haft-son is a very special table decoration that includes at least seven specific items that start with the letter “S” (son in the Presbyterian alphabet). With this we symbolize the 7 elements of life (fire, earth, water, health, plants, animals and Man). There is also an astrological connection with the seven planets (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, the Sun and the Moon).
- Haft-sin has evolved over time, but he has plowed the primary symbolism and spiritual or. spiritual level and values. Friends and relatives who visit the family during the Nowruz period always notice Haft-son, who at the same time with his symbolism also reflects the good taste of the person who set him up.
Some of the items that Haft-sin most often contains:
- Sabzeh – wheat, barley or any green sprouts growing in a pot or container – a symbol of rebirth
- Saman – a sweet pudding-like thing made from wheat germ – a symbol of abundance
- Senjed – dried fruits of wild olives – a symbol of love
- Cheese – garlic – a symbol of medicine
- Sib – apple – a symbol of health and beauty
- Somaq – rye strawberry powder (distinctly red in color) – a symbol of sunrise
- Serkeh – vinegar – a symbol of age and patience
- Sekkeh – coins – a symbol of wealth
- Sonbol – hyacinth – a symbol of spring
Accompanying items with which we can complete the Haft-sin table:
- Candles (enlightenment and joy)
- Mirror (purity and openness)
- Painted, decorated egg (fertility)
- Goldfish in a flask (life in life and also an astrological sign of a fish left by the sun)
- Rose water (we believe it has magical cleansing power)
- The Holy Book or Book of Poetry (Hafiz’s collection of poetry “Divan” or Ferdowsi’s book Shahnameh)
Tahvile-sal, on the first day of Nowruz, the family usually gathers around Haft-son waiting for the moment of equinox and the arrival of spring. At this moment, they say new greetings and wishes, exchange gifts and kisses.
Eid-didani or home visits; on the first day of Nowruz, families visit the oldest members of the family. In the first days of Nowruz, the younger ones visit the older ones, who return the visit later. Visits are short, usually half an hour, so that all relatives can be visited. Visitors are offered tea, drinks, pastries, biscuits, dried fruits and nuts.
Sizdah-bedar, which means “thirteenth exit,” is celebrated on the thirteenth day of the new year. On this day, people go out into nature. It is a holiday in nature.
Nowruz lasts 12 days and 13th day represents a time of chaos. Families avoid their habits and routines and in doing so want to avoid the misfortune associated with number 13 by going to nature and having picnics or going to parties.
At the end of the celebration of this day, Sabzeh of Haft-sin, who has symbolically absorbed all sickness and misfortune, is thrown into running water (river or stream). By doing so, we save the house of demons, evil eyes, and all evil.
I wish you a happy Nowruz and a happy spring!